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A Camera Called DARKNESS Will Hunt for Alien Worlds

A new type of camera developed by US researchers will allow astronomers to directly image planets around nearby stars in the search for another Earth.

The camera, called DARKNESS (the DARK- speckle Near- infrared Energy- resolved Superconducting Spectrophotometer), relies on extremely sensitive superconductor detectors to gather light from distant worlds.

According to physicist Ben Mazin, from the University of California, Santa Barbara, who led the team developing the camera, current optical and near-infrared telescopes use cameras with semiconductor detectors — the same type that can be found in cellphones and digital cameras. 
But semiconductor sensors, Mazin said, have certain limitations that make it difficult for this technology to image faint objects — such as distant stars and planets in their vicinity — a problem that he hopes the novel technology in the DARKNESS camera, based on superconducting detectors, will solve.

"When a single photon with the energy of more than 1 elec…
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Astronomers Have Spotted The Birth Of Planets For The First Time

For the first time ever, scientists were able to spot the formation of a planetary system. A research paper, published in Nature, proposes that the detected objects are newborn planets, presently being pieced together by tremendously hot gas and dust. By means of images of the system captured between 2009 and 2015, the group of astronomers was able to detect two protoplanets.

Small objects that go on to form planets – together with a potential third, orbiting a star LkCa 15 in an elliptical orbit, as it is expected of planets.
Spotting planets forming is quite a difficult task. Newborn stellar systems are generally shielded in a cloud of dust that blocks our view, making usual observing methods unfitting. The group of astronomers consequently had to come up with a different method to study the system. Newly formed stars yield large disks of material from which planets form. As developing planets move over this protoplanetary disk, they generate gaps in the swirling debris, which astron…

Evidence Of ANOTHER Universe? Gravity Is ESCAPING Into Other Dimensions

Scientists say that gravitational waves could be the key component to help uncover the existence of another UNIVERSE.
Physicists believe that there is gravity which is escaping into extra dimensions. An extra dimension would basically create a ‘tower’ of high-frequency waves, and change the way gravitational waves stretch space. If these changes are detected by experts than we might actually prove the existence of an extra dimension.

(Picture Getty)
The question whether or not there is ONLY one universe has been one of the biggest mysteries of our existence. However, this mystery may finally be solved as scientists believe they may have found a revolutionary way which would help them detect hidden dimensions.
Experts believe that if there are unknown dimensions out there, they may cause ripples through reality by changing gravitational waves—causing changes in the space-time fabric. Scientists say that gravity is likely to occupy ALL other dimensions that may exist, so its waves are a per…

NASA Is About to Create The Coldest Temperature in The Universe, In Space

In the quest for ever-colder temperatures, NASA is sending an apparatus to the International Space Station that will create a spot 10 billion times colder than the vacuum of space.

It's called the Cold Atom Laboratory, a payload about the size of an ice chest aboard Orbital ATK's Cygnus rocket, and it will help scientists observe the weird quantum properties of ultra-cold atoms.

A combination of lasers and magnets will be used to chill and slow a cloud of atoms to just a fraction above absolute zero, also known as zero Kelvin (-273.15 Celsius or -459.67 Fahrenheit).
Absolute zero is the coldest temperature in the Universe - and impossible to achieve, because at that point, atoms stop moving.
But the Cold Atom Laboratory (CAL) can cool clouds of atoms to just one-tenth of a billion of a degree above absolute zero, which causes them to move extremely slowly, exhibiting microscopic quantum phenomena.
These clouds are called Bose-Einstein condensates. They can be created on Earth, but …

Stunning First Image Sent Back By NASA’s Planet-Hunter Satellite

NASA’s new Earth- like- planet- hunting mission, the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), was launched on April 18, 2018. After getting accustomed to its new surroundings and doing a quick buzz past the moon, it’s already produced a stunning and mind-boggling image that was just released by the space agency, NASA.

As part of the calibration sequence for one of its four on-board cameras, TESS captured a swatch of the sky that includes more than 200,000 stars. The two-second exposure is centered on the southern constellation Centaurus. The Coalsack Nebula is featured in the upper right quadrant, and the star Beta Centauri can be seen at the lower left edge.
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NASA's Curiosity Rover Just Took The Most Incredible Pictures Yet Of The Martian Surface

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These were formed over millions of years due to weathering and corrosion, buttes appears to be tall, flat-topped…

Astronomers Have Discovered a "Black Hole" Planet

Exoplanet WASP-12b does not seem like a good place to go for a visit. New research has found that most of the light that goes towards it does not come out again, making the gas giant pitch black. The planet, discovered in 2008, is just 1400 light- years from Earth.

It's become one of the most studied outside our solar system, and we know a fair bit about it. We know that it's what is known as a "hot Jupiter", a gigantic gaseous planet 40 times more massive than Jupiter that orbits extremely close to its host star. In fact, it's so close that it completes an orbit (one WASP-12b year) in just less than one Earth day, and has been pulled by gravity into an egg shape.
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