According to
researchers, the universe cycles through four distinct phases. The new theory
proposes that another universe ‘existed’ in a different, “cosmological phase.”
Basically this means that before the Big Bang there was another universe that
existed, and a new one will emerge after ours eventually collapses.

A team of
mathematicians has applied quantum mechanics to cosmology in order to come up
with a new scientific theory that tells us more about the Big Bang and the
creation of our universe.

Canadian and
Egyptian mathematicians have developed a new scientific theory that seeks to
explain what existed in the universe before the Big Bang. Researchers have
proposed that the universe cycles through four distinct phases. The new theory proposes that another universe ‘existed’ in a different “cosmological phase.”

Experts
claim that the universe expands rapidly, but, according to new equations of the
theoretical model, a change will occur motivated by quantum mechanics which
will eventually bring a halt to the entire process. This makes the universe
shrink to a point close to infinity before expanding again.

According to
Mir Faizal, one of the authors of the study, scientists managed to combine
quantum mechanics and cosmology by using a modified version of the generalized
uncertainty principle (GUP).

Faizal concludes: “In our cosmological model the universe did
not start with the big bang, but there was a phase transition from one phase of
the universe to another.”

“This is
possible because the universe can exist in four different phases like ordinary water can exist in three
different phases. Just as we can know about the properties of ice, by studying
water which has formed from it, we can know about pre-big bang cosmology by
studying the physics of this universe.”

“Using our
cosmological model we can study the physics of the cosmological phase before
the beginning of our universe.”

Thanks to
the newly proposed model, researchers were able to study the state of the
universe prior to the big bang.

Their
equations predict that the expansion of the universe will eventually stop and
soon after a contracting phase will occur.

“When the
equations are extrapolated beyond the maximum rate of contraction, a cyclic
universe scenario emerges. Other cosmologists have suggested a big bang and big
crunch scenario – but those model have singularities.”

“Singularities
are bad in physics as they indicate a place where the laws of physics
breakdown, and at such places, one cannot use physics to get meaningful
results. This new cosmological model does away with such singularity. The big
bang singularity can therefore also be avoided by using the modified
GUP-corrections to the cosmology.”

“No one
draws any philosophical or theological implications of a finite or an infinite
spatial dimension, and time is just another dimension, so why should it be
treated any differently. In any case, I do not believe in a God of gaps, with
big bang being a big gap, but in a God who made the mathematics describing
reality so perfect that there are no gaps, not now and not at big bang.”

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