It was
originally proposed in 1905 by Albert Einstein in the paper "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies".[1] The inconsistency of Newtonian mechanics with Maxwell's equations of electromagnetism and the lack of
experimental confirmation for a hypothesized luminiferous aether led to the
development of special relativity. Which corrects mechanics to handle
situations involving motions at a significant fraction of the speed of light
(known as relativistic velocities). As of today, special relativity is the most
accurate model of motion at any speed when gravitational effects are
negligible. Even so, the Newtonian mechanics model is still useful (due to its
simplicity and high accuracy) as an approximation at small velocities relative
to the speed of light.

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